The city also has one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of Lord Shiva. Renowned poets like Vedavyasa and Kalidasa have bestowed praise on the city. Vikramaditya, the well-known emperor, ruled the city with his eminent navratnas including Kalidasa.
Brief History of Ujjain
Ujjain became a focal hub for the mathematical and astronomical research during the 6th and 7th centuries. Some of the renowned mathematicians from the city included Brahmagupta, whose manuscript Brahmasphutasiddhanta was accountable for broadening the application of zero, negative numbers; Varahamihira, was the foremost to determine several trigonometric identities; and Bhaskaracharya popularly known as Bhaskara II, whose manuscript Lilavati busted novel position in several arena of mathematics.The invasion of the Delhi Sultanate led by Iltutmish in 1235 made the city experience extensive devastation and orderly vandalism of temples. The city of Ujjain happened to be the capital of Malwa during the realm of Mughal emperor Akbar. During the end of 18th century the city was the nerve centre of the Maratha leader Scindia. The increased trade opportunities in Gwalior led to the shift of the Scindias from Ujjain to Gwalior although Ujjain was a part of Gwalior state till India’s Independence. Following the trounce of the Marathas in the Third Anglo-Maratha War Gwalior state happened to be the princely state of the British Raj and Gwalior, Ujjain, and the bordering princely states became a part of the Central India Agency. After the county’s independence Ujjain became a part of the Madhya Bharat state. In 1956 Madhya Bharat was fused into the State of Madhya Pradesh. Read More.......
Mahakal Temple of Ujjain
Geography and Climate of Ujjain
Tourist Places in Ujjain
- The Kaliyadeh Palace, situated on the periphery of the city is one of the palaces owned by royal Scindia family
- The Bhrathari caves, a prehistoric site has some fascinating myths allied with it. It is said that it has tunnels which lead directly to four primeval dhams
- The Vedha Shala put up by a Rajput king, Raja Jai Singh II, in the 1720s, is one of the observatories in the country which has put on display antique astronomical devices
- ISKCON (International Society for Krishna Consciousness): Sri Sri Radha Madan Mohan Temple which as well has a guest house and a vegetarian restaurant serving authentic food
- Chintaman Ganesh temple is the largest prehistoric holy place of Lord Ganesha
- The Maa Wagheshvari temple is famous for its tall deity of the goddess Wagheshwari and "Sinh the lion and Dwar the gate"
- The Harsidhhi Temple is one of the Shaktipeetha which is located at 52 places in India
- The Sandipani Ashram is believed to be the place where Shri Krishna was educated with Balarama and Sudama
- The Prashanti Dham is Sai Baba's Ashram which is situated on the bank of the river
- There are few Jain temples like Jai Singh Pura Atishay Kshetra, Tapobhoomi, Avanti Parshwanath, Hanumant baag, Manibhadradham Bhairavgarh which is worth watching
- The Kothi Palace, the Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan museum, and other temples like Harsidhhi (Durga Temple), Triveni (Nav Graha Shani Mandir), Gadh Kalika, Mangalnaath, Kaal Bhairav, Siddhhanath and Shiv Shakti are of great historic significance.
Shopping in Ujjain
Festivals in Ujjain
Karthik Mela: The annual fair which is generally conducted in the month of December( Hindu month of karthik) attracts number of visitors to the city.
All India Kalidas Samaroh: This an annual seven day long event featuring several art and music performance to pay tribute the great poet Kalidas.
Kalidasa Handmade Craft Mela: The craft mela showcases the handicrafts of the tribal population of the state which replicate the culture and tradition of the people of the state
Mahakal Shravan Sawari: Mahakal ki Sawari is the unique procession that takes place in the Shravan or Sawan month in the Mahakal Temple devoted to Lord Shiva. These unique rituals are performed on the Mondays in Shravan month.
Pancheshani Yatra: Ujjain Pancheshani Yatra is a tour of the city. As per the beliefs the devotee’s visit the four gates of the city on foot. This yatra covers 118 kilometrs (52 miles) in six days. It is believed that Lord Shiva created Ujjain for Goddess Parvati and formed four gates with deities in each direction- Pingaleshwar in the east, Bilveshwar in the west, Kayavarohaneshwar in the south and Darudureshwar in the north.
Maha Shivaratri: Ujjain is supposed to be the abode of Lord Shiva. On this day of Maha Shivaratri huge processions are carried out all through the city, with devotee’s crowd on the street to grasp a glance of the honored deity of Lord Shiva.
Food in Ujjain
Transport in Ujjain
Ujjain at a glance
Languages spoken: Hindi,Malavi
Altitude: 491 metres (1610 ft)
Winter temperature: 17°C-20°C
Summer temperature: 31°C-45°C
Best time to visit: October To March
STD Code: 0734
Major tourist attractions: Mahakaleshwar Temple, Bade Ganeshji, Harsiddhi Temple, Bhartrihari Caves, Kal Bhairava Temple, Sandipani Ashram, Mangalnath Temple, Shipra River, Gadkalika Temple, Iskcon Temple.
Major festivals and fairs: Maha Shivaratri, Pancheshani Yatra, Mahakal Shravan Sawari, Ujjain Simhastha (Kumbamela), Karthik Mela, All India Kalidas Samaroh, Kalidasa Handmade Craft Mela.