Ujjain is one of the four pious sites that host the Kumbh Mela (also called the Simhastha Mela) and is also famous for its Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines to the god Shiva. According to legends Ujjain is a place where Lord Krishna, along with Balarama and Sudama, received his education from Maharshi Sandipani.
Ujjain has seen many phase of Indian history and is rightly regarded as one of the most ancient cities in India and the world. It founds mention in the Buddhist literature as one of the four great powers along with Magadha, Vatsa, and Kosala. It held the honour of being the capital of Avanti. Also known as Ujjayini, Avantikapuri it saw the rule of last Paramara ruler, Siladitya. During medieval period Ujjain was invaded by Sultanate army under Iltutmish in 1234 which accelerated the pace of systematic desecration and despoiling of temples. Ujjain became a witness of a famous battle fought in 1658 between Mughal princes. In this battle Aurangzeb and Murad defeated Maharaj Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur, who was fighting on behalf of Prince Dara. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh was made the Governor of Malwa, during the reign of Mahmud Shah. Maharaja himself a great scholar of astronomy constructed an observatory in Ujjain and also constructed several beautiful temples.
By 17th century, Marathas dominated the political scene in India and naturally claimed their sovereignty over entire Malwa and Ujjain .Today you can find influence of Maratha rule across the city. Ujjain finally passed into the hands of the Scindias in 1750 and until 1810, when Daulat Rao Scindia founded his new capital at Gwalior; it was the chief town of his dominions. Under Britishers Ujjain witnessed moderate growth but retained the tag of cultural town in Central India.
Today Ujjain stands proudly as one of the most important cities in India. From beautiful architectural monuments to temples and caves you can find all and more in this famous city of Madhya Pradesh.
Best time to visit
Famous Tourist Attractions in Ujjain
Bhartrihari Caves : The caves got their name from King turned sage, Bhartihari, the step brother of King Vikramaditya. Bhartihari denounced the material life and went on to mediate in these caves that later on became the trademark of his years of perseverance and spiritual connection. Some of his great works like Shringarshatak, Vairagyashatak, and Nitishatak have gained wide recognition.
Kal Bhairava Temple: On the banks of river Kshipra is situated the famous temple of Lord Bhairava. Intrestingly, it is perhaps the only temple in India where alcohol is served to the Lord. Confused? Well, this is true!
Kalidah Palace: Get a glimpse and feel of Persian architecture in Ujjain by visiting famous Kaliadeh Palace built by the Sultans of Mandu. The 15th Century palace with its central hall surrounding galleries is a classic example of Persian architecture. Two famous Persian inscriptions mentioning about the visit of Akbar and Jahangir testifies to the importance it hold during medieval period.
Kalidas Academy: Established by the department of culture of the government of Madhya Pradesh Kalidasa Academy came into being in 1978. Dedicated to the versatile Indian poet, Kalidas, many of this much valued and precious works are kept in this academy.The prime motive for establishing the academy was to keep the memory of the great poet-dramatist Kalidasa constantly refreshed. It also aimed to promote classical sanskrit language.
Ramghat: The oldest bathing ghat in Ujjain, Ram ghat is a must visit place for any Hindu devotee. Lakhs of devotees bath in this ghat during the Kumbhamelas. If you are in Ujjain, it is a good opportunity to take a dip in this holy ghat.
Vedshala: The first observatory of India is located here in Ujjain. The instruments once used to study astronomical calculations are still in good shape and working conditions. The credit for establishing the observatory goes to visionary Raja Jai Singh,Governor of Malwa, during the reign of Muhammad Shah of Delhi.
Pir Matsyendranath: Dedicated to the Matsyendranath, a pir of the Natha sect this simple shrine in plain white belongs to pre-Islamic era.
Gomti kund: Situated near the Sandipani ashram, Gomti kund was once prime source of water for the ashram .
Bade Ganesh ji ka Mandir: Apart from this gigantic statue of Lord Ganesha, this beautiful temple houses huge idol of five faces of Hanuman and provides an excellent platform for learning Sankrit.
Chaubis Khamba Temple: Another 9th century temple which has two guardian deities named Mahalaya and Mahakala in the entrance is often visited by tourists.
Navagraha Mandir (Triveni) : A unique place which reflects India’s rich past of astronomy and astrology. Triveni is famous for connecting planets with human lives and explains the role of planets in our daily lives.
Sandipani Ashram: The rich bonding between the students and their Gurus have been a trademark of appreciation in this country since ages. And this rich culture is reflected in Sandipani Ashram of Ujjain. According to legends Ujjain is a place where Lord Krishna, along with Balarama and Sudama, received his education from Maharshi Sandipani.
Siddhavat: A tiny locale in the city of Ujjain, Siddhavat is famous for its divine tree.
Bhairavarh: Famous for its ancient technique in cloth printing, Bhairavgarh is another famous locale near Siddhavat.
Bhartrihari Caves in Ujjain | Kal Bhairav Temple in Ujjain | Kaliadeh Palace in Ujjain | Kalidasa Academy in Ujjain | Ram Ghat in Ujjain | Vedshala in Ujjain
Madhya Pradesh State Tourism Development Corporation Ltd.
Hotel Booking Tel.: +91-755-2778383
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Madhya Pradesh Tourism Office
Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
Important Helpline Numbers
Collector & District Magistrate
Kothi Palace,Collectorate Ujjain,
Phone No. :(O) 0734 -2514000
Email Id : firstname.lastname@example.org
Websites : www.ujjain.nic.in
How to Reach Ujjain?
Railways: There are direct trains from major cities to Ujjain. Direct train services are available to Ujjain from Bhopal, Indore, Pune, Delhi and many other major cities. In case if you are travelling from a place which is not connected to Ujjain by train, you can interchange from Bhopal or Indore another two of famous cities of Madhya Pradesh.
Roadways: Direct buses from Indore, Bhopal and other cities of MP make Ujjain accessible to the people. Nana Kheda bus stand (Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay bus stand), Dewas Gate bus stand (Shaheed Raja Bhau Mahakal bus stand) and Ujjain bus stand bare three famous bus stands in the city.
Airways: If you are planning to reach Ujjain by air, you have to land at any of the nearest Airports below:
Devi Ahilyabai Holkar International Airport, Indore (60 km from Ujjain) Indian Airlines Continental Airways also operates flights from Bombay to Indore.
The Raja Bhoj International Airport, Bhopal (180 km from Ujjain)
Where to Stay ?
Madhya Pradesh State Highway 18, Sindhi Colony, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
Phone: 0734 255 1495
Hotel Raj Palace
Desai Nagar, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
Phone: 0734 401 1006
Jabsinghpura Marg, Sawara Khedi, Madhya Pradesh
Phone: 0734 255 1904
Hotel Grand Tower
Madhav Nagar, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
Phone: 0734 255 3700
Hotel Anand palace
Nanakheda, Mahakal Vanijya, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
Phone: 0734 253 3211
Ujjain Travel Tips
- Always carry a copy of your ID with you
- Avoid crowded market places and busy by lanes
- Carry a camera, but ask permissions from the concerned authorities before taking snaps
- Do not play loud rock music inside your car or party late night
- Put your cell in silent mode before entering any temple