Vedhshala in Ujjain
Specialty of Vedhshala
Also available in Vedh shala is a telescope and a planetarium for viewing certain nearby planets and the moon. If you visit this place and observe the instruments and the sculpture carefully, you can get an idea of the hard labour and immense care that went in building this place.Raja Jai Singh was a man of high intellect and here it is worth mentioning that he learned astronomy for years and constructed four important instruments in Vedhshala all by himself. It is due to his hard perseverance and patience and later on due to the initiatives taken by Madhav Rao Scindia that the Vedhshala has retained its pride till today.
Attractions of Vedhshala
The four instruments viz. Sun-Dial, Narivalaya, Digansha and Transit instruments are made by Raja Jaisingh in the observatory.
Shanku Yatra: This is an extraordinary instrument devised by Raja Jay Singh, which is capable of predicting the shortest and the longest day of the year. Along with these it can also predict the two days (21st March and 23rd September) in a year when the day and night are of equal length. With the help of mid-day shadow, we can also determine the altitude of Ujjain city. The seven lines drawn on it indicates the 12 zodiac signs.
Samarata Yantra: This yantra is mainly used to determine the declination of any celestial body towards the north or south.
Nadivalaya Yantra: On the south side of the Samarat yantra is the Nadi valaya yantra which consists of a circular dial. Over the centuries this instrument has been accurately helping astronomers to get an idea of planetary positions and also the exact time of the Ujjain city.
Sun dial: Constructed in such a way that the upper planes of the two walls on the sides of the steps of the sun dial are parallel to the axis of the earth. The local time of Ujjain can be very well predicted by using this device.
Diganash Yantra: This instrument is applicable in fixing out the Altitude (distance from the horizon) and the Azimuth (angular distance from the east or the west point measured along the horizon) of any celestial body.
Transit Yantra : This instrument built in the plane of the meridian circle (i.e. the circle joining the south-north and the zenith point) is used for observing the zenith distance of any celestial body (corresponding to its mid-day).
The observatory of Ujjain is a symbol of Ujjain’s strong astronomical background! Even today astronomical investigations are being carried over in this place with the same instruments that were once used by Jay Singh. Renovations and maintenance works are being done from time to time by the Government of Madhya Pradesh to maintain the dignity of this observatory.
How to Reach Vedhshala ?
Address: Chintaman Rd, Jabsinghpura Marg,
Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh 456010
Important points to be kept in mind while visiting Vedhshala
- Do not spit or scribble on the walls or on instruments’ body. Feel proud of your country’s assets!
- Do not touch or harm the instruments
- Carry a notebook with you, in case you want to note down any important fact/detail